INFERTILITY IN THE FEMALE
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baby! Say it with flower!
God may keep and bless the couple!!!
A couple is said to be infertile:
1. If pregnancy does not result after one year of normal marital relations without
2. if the woman conceives but aborts repeatedly;
3. if the woman bears one child but aborts repeatedly or fails to conceive thereafter.
14 % [10-15 %] of marriages are childless. In about 58 % of cases this is attributable to the female partner, 25 % attributable to the male partner and 17 % unexplained. Treatment may correct infertility but not sterility, which is absolute inability to reproduce.
Ovulation and conception may occur at any time from the menarche to the menopause. Conception is most likely to occur during the period of reasonably regular ovulation, which begin after adolescence and usually terminate before the menopause.
Female infertility may be due to the following causes:
Nutritional: Hypovitaminosis, protein deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia may cause infertility.
Endocrine : Hypopituitarism/hypothalamic may causes ovary failure to ovulate. Hypothyroidism results in anovulation , infertility, and abortion.
Infections: Vaginitis, cervicitis, endometritis of uterus mucosa and tuba uterine infection.
Tumor: Cervical tumors [polips, myomas]; uterine tumors [polyps, myomas]; ovarian tumors [follicle cysts, corpus luteum cysts] may disrupt function or destroy the ovary.
Congenital:uterine hypoplasia, tubal congenital atresia, ovarian agenesis.
6. INFERTILITY IN THE MALE.